Protection Against the Harmful Effects of Solar Rays

The effects of the sun’s rays on the body are highly searched. The body needs sun rays to make vitamin D. However, overexposure to the sun’s rays is harmful to the body. It is suggested that if exposed to the sun, it will live alive and fresh until the deep, eighties. The effects of infrared rays can cause dryness, fine lines and wrinkles as well as skin cancers.

Sun protectors (sunscreens)

Early aging and skin cancer, caused by the sun’s rays, tend to increase all over the world. Especially those living in tropical regions are exposed to solar radiation more. Solar radiation includes visible light, as well as infrared rays that are not visible to the human eye. Infrared rays are involved in skin cancer formation. There is long-term exposure to infrared radiation (between 320-400 nanometers wavelength) and B (between 290-320 nm wavelengths), followed by ray damage-induced aging. Infrared B is responsible for the redness and bronzing, especially at the bottom.

In mild sunburn, the skin is red and painful. This type of burn heals in 36 days. The more advanced the sun burn is the second degree burn. This burn creates fluid-filled bubbles inside the bottom. They play a role in terms of sunscreen skin color and genetic factors.

Sunscreen creams and lotions have been developed to protect against sunburn. The sun protectors originally developed in 1928 included benzyl salicylate and benzyl cinnamate. While many sunscreens are manufactured to block infrared B rays, today’s producers are effective on both B and B rays.

When those containing organic matter absorb the rays, the light containing the opaque material reflects the rays.
The FDA (American Food and Drug Administration) classifies sunscreens as sunscreen factors (SPF: sun protection factor). When SPF 20 is used, it means that the use of this lotion (or cream) under the sun will have a 20 times greater effect on sun rays than no lotion (or cream).

The FDA categorized the sunscreen factors as:

least effective against sun rays (SPF 2 to 12).

moderately effective against sunlight (SPF 12 to 30)

those highly effective against sunlight (SPF 30 and above).

Sun protectors are recommended in most nature activities. SPFs are also available in various forms and for allergic skin.

Those with physical protective effect

These include zinc and titanium oxide. These materials scatter, reflect or absorb the radiation of the sun’s rays. These materials consisted of particles that were visible to the naked eye; But are invisible today because they are made from microparticles.

Sun protectors should be applied 1 hour before going out to the sun. Apart from sun protectors, there are things to be aware of to protect from solar radiation.


Solar radiation should not go out to the sun from 10:15 am.

While tightly woven garments are protective; Loose knitted or perforated clothing is less protective.

A wide sun visor hat can protect the face, ears and nape region.

If bronzing is desired, lotions containing dihydroxyacetone (DHA) may be used.

Especially children should be protected against sunburn.

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