Since a sunscreen is effective only if it’s properly applied, you need to consider these questions:

• Are you applying it in time? This depends on the active ingredients. Vou should apply sunscreens containing PABA-related ingredients (PABA esters. Padimate 0) at least 30 minutes before sun exposure.

“The PABA group of chemicals needs time to be absorbed into the stratum corneum the outermost layer of skin. Absorption is integral to getting full protection from the product,” says Andrew Scheman. M.D.. a dermatologist in private practice in Evanston, Illinois. Other sunscreens can be applied just prior to exposure.

# Are you applying it in combination with other products? SPF numbers are not cumulative. “If you’re layering an SPF 5 moisturizer under an SPF 3 foundation, you’re not getting SPF 8 worth of protection, nor are you getting the protection of the higher one. The combination will probably give you about SPF 4, due to dilution, says Dr. Scheman. Your best bet: Let seach product layer drv thoroughly; and use as high an SPF as you can find in each category.

What’s clear: Your skin needs sun protection now and throughout the year. What’s less clear: how to do it most effectively. Is wearing only a sunscreen sufficient? Is an SPF 1 5 sunscreen always enough protection? What’s better for you a two-in-one moisturizer with sunscreen or a sunscreen labeled moisturizing? If you’re active, do you need a special sports formula? Does sweat interfere with sunscreen coverage? On these pages, answers and solutions to this solar perplexus.

Your eyes: The new focus of sun protection

Blame it on the thinning ozone: Eyelid cancers, conjunctival growths, cataracts, corneal burns and macular degeneration are occurring more frequently than ever, notes Rene Rodriguez-Sains, M.D., attending surgeon at Manhattan Eye Ear and Throat Hospital in New York City. “Good UV-blocking sunglasses can vastly reduce your risk of developing any of these disorders,” he says. Look for lenses that absorb 99 to 100 percent of both UVA and UVB light as well as most blue light, a form of visible light that may contribute to macular degeneration, notes New York City ophthalmologist Penny A. Asbell, M.D. Clear UV protective film can be applied to eyeglasses, and if you wear contacts, you can try Precision UV, the first flexible-wear UV-blocking contact lenses.

Focus your sun protection efforts on your face, neck and legs and the bock of your hands. These areas get the most sun exposure during the day.

indir (2)For the look of a tan without the damoge, go with o self-tanner. Mony work with most skin types, but Clinique Self Tanning Face Formula has both dry- and oily-skin products. The tan from a tube used to take a while to dry, but Lancome Gel Autobronzant Rapide dries in three minutes. For a wash-off tan, use a bronzer. Choose the formulation you prefer-solid compact (Chanel Sun Defense Compact), gel (The Body Shop Colourings Translucent Bronzer), liquid (Ultima II Sunsexxxy Liquid Bronzer) or stick (Bobbi Brown Essentials Bronzing Stick).

To shield face, neck, hands and legs Moisturizers with SPF 15 sunscreen offer protection you need daily. The skin-type matchup: L’Oreal Plenitude Active Doily Moisture Lotion for normal, problem-free skin; H2O Plus Hydraspa Doily Moisturizer for acne-prone. Is your favorite moisturizer not sunproof? Transform it with Origins Silent Treatment-an SPF 15 solution thot adds instant UV protection.

SPF-enhanced foundation While the titanium dioxide found in some foundations provides sun protection, look for foundations labeled with the SPF numbers your skin type needs. L’Oreal Hydra Perfecte Concealer SPF 12 smooths out dark circles as it protects. Get coverage with Prescriptives Exact Makeup SPF 15, May-belline Natural Defense Liquid Make-Up SPF 15 or Mory Kay Day Radiance Liquid Foundation SPF 8. Prefer more portable protection? Try Shiseido Sun Block Compact SPF 32 or Almay CreamPowder Makeup SPF 15. Makeup’s lighter side Tinted moisturizers give you 0 sheer wash of color… and now sun shielding, too. Shu Uemura Anti-UV Under Bose is a light-as-air mousse: Clarins Moisturizing Tint SPF 6 provides a matte finish.


Hair and makeup by Lawrence DePalma Vivienne Tam suit Marilyn Monroe by Renaiss* Eyewear sunglasses. Laura Alvarez eanings Stuait Weilzman sandals Fendi bag Bulovt.

Sun-proofing lips Whether you leon toward sheer color stains (Physicians Formula Gloss Guard SPF 15), frosts (Cover Girl InCondition LipBlush Frost SPF 15), earth tones (Naturistics Natural Glow Longer Wear Lip-color SPF 15) or more traditional colors (Elizabeth Arden Lip Spa Sun Shade Lipcolor SPF 15), lip coverage is a must-lips are a common site for skin cancer.

While body sun-proofing is the focus here, protecting your face is still a key concern-check out the options detailed on page 201 in addition to those here.

First step for body

If part of your daily routine is to moisturize skin postshower or bath, opt for a product with sunscreen for all-over protection-the sun can beam through clothes, even more so if they’re wet. Both Physicians Formula Vital Defense Moisture Lotion and Almay Time-Off Age Smoothing Moisture Lotion offer the protection of SPF 15. Fun in the sun: Sunscreens by sport SPF is important, but you also want to make sure your sun protection stands up to your sport or activity. That’s the basis for the matchup here find your sport and you’ll find the products best suited for you. All are at least SPF 15 but to get continuous coverage you should reapply every two hours while you’re outside.

Only high sweat, they’re high friction, too. Sweat tends to wash away sunscreen, ond each time one body part moves against another or against clothing or a towel, sunscreen is rubbed away as well. Look for rub-proof formulas, such as Neutrogena Sunblock or Hydron Best Defense Sportscreen. When you perspire, sunscreen can run into your eyes, causing redness and irritation. Avoid the trickle-down effect with Johnson & Johnson Sundown Sport SPF 15, formulated not to sting eyes. To prevent a burned scalp, dab on an alcohol-based gel, such as Shade Oil-Free Gel SPF 15, for protection that won’t gunk up your hair. Sandy/dusty sports: Beach volleyball, softball, biking, trail walking The big gripe here is the uncomfortable grittiness of sand or dust that sticks to sunscreened skin. The antidote: non-stick lotions, such as Neutrogena No-Stick Sunscreen SPF 30 or Physicians Formula Sun Shield Sport SPF 15.

Wet sports: Board sailing, swimming, sailing

A waterproof sunscreen stays put longer than a water-resistant one, at least under lab conditions. But you shouldn’t blindly believe the label claims, notes San Francisco preventive medicine specialist Michael J. Martin, M.D. “Reapply the sunscreen after each immersion or about every two hours, whichever happens first.” Three to try: Polo Sport SPF 15 Weatherproof Sun Block, Yves Rocher Moisturizing Sun Block SPF 25 and, for oily or acne-prone skin, Nautica Sunblock Gel SPF 15.


These activities are not “Buggy” sports: Hiking, mountain biking, camping, fishing Instead of layering bug repellent on top of sunscreen, combination products (Avon Skin-So-Soft Moisturizing Suncare SPF 15, Treo 3-Way Outdoor Protection) give sun and bug protection from mosquitoes, fleas and ticks. Special protection for hot spots If you’re prone to cold sores, you need the extra lip protection found in Blistex Ultra Protection Lip Bolm SPF 30 or Aloe Up Lip Protector SPF 30. It is believed that wearing high SPF lip protection may prevent the reactivation of the herpes virus.

Burn alert: Sun sensitivity

Certain drugs, both prescription and over-the-counter, oral and topical, can make you more sun sensitive than usual. Typically diis means you bum faster and have a more extreme reaction, but photosensitivity reactions run the gamut from itchiness to rashes to increased pigmentation. “Not everyone who takes these medications will have a photosensitivity reaction,” says Diane Berson, M.D., assistant clinical professor of dermatology at New York University School of Medicine in New York City “But if you have any doubts about a drug or know that you will be in the sun while you’re tak-Express shirt. Maggie Voll hat.

It you should definitely consult your physician or pharmacist.” The drugs most likely to cause sensitivity include oral contraceptives, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory pain relievers (including ibuprofen), diuretics, antihistamines, coal-tar shampoo, the antibiotic tetracycline and sulfa drugs. Even certain foods can photosensitize the mouth and lips as well as body skin: Watch out for limes, lemons, grapefruit, celery, fennel, dill and cashews.

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